HAProxy enables users to access programs on their NAS without opening additional ports in the firewall. Also because the applications are not accessible on the ports which they normally run on, and you need to know the exact url to use, it is hard to exploit the application if there is an bug in the software. (For instance SYNOLOCKER)
If you use the DDNS service of Synology you can use names in front of the DDNS name to connect to the services.
f.i. https://dsm.mydemonas.synology.me would redirect me to the admin interface of my NAS.
To achieve this we need to install an additional program HA-Proxy. This is available through the repository from Syno Community. The address for the repository is: http://packages.synocommunity.com
What this tutorial will assist you in is the following:
1. Add the repository
2. Prepare the NAS for the application
2.a Install a certificate
2.b enable SSH
3. Install the application and pre-requisite
3.a some problem fixing
I hope this will help you ;)
Add the repository
First open the package center:
When in Package center select Installed and click the button Settings
Click on Add, and fill in the following information:
Name: Syno Community
On the left hand side click on community and then refresh.
A lot of packages will appear here.
Create a Certificate
Before we install HAProxy we first need to update the certificate and enable SSH.
Go to Control Panel
Click on the TAB Certificate
Click on Create Certificate
In this tutorial we create a self-signed certificate, if you have a valid certificate you can import it here, or you can create a certificate request which you can send to a certificate authority.
Fill-in your information
At common name fill in the DNS name you want to use. The DDNS service from synology can provide you with a DNS name, you can add the local ip adres in de Subject Alternative Name field. Click Apply
Since the custom configuration of HAProxy is only available through the command line we must enable SSH to connect to the NAS.
Open Control panel
Open Terminal en SNMP
Now we can install haproxy. Since a requirement is Python 2.7 or higher we first install Python.
Open Package Center
Look for the package python and click install
Wait until the installation is finished
Look for the application HAProxy and click install
HAProxy uses an username and password to protect the status page. Enter those here.
Default is admin admin
Make sure the checkbox is ticked to run the application, and click apply
With version 1.5-dev25-12 there is an problem in the configuration which doesn't allow the application to run. We can however fix it ourselves.
Open the downloaded program file and connect to the IPAdres of your NAS over SSH
The username is always root
The password is your admin password
Change the current folder to "/volume1/@appstore/haproxy/var and open the file haproxy.cfg
When the file opens scroll down to the part backend gateone.
Add verify none to the server line. For this press the i
add the words to the line. press ESC
type :wq [ENTER]
Now the package will run when we start it.
HAProxy will natively run on the ports 5080 and 5443
We can change these ports in the configuration file or you can modify your firewall (router) to forward the request incoming on port 80 or 443 to the ports of haproxy. By default the applications are only available over the https (5443) port but you can copy those lines to the http (5080) port option. This makes it less secure!!